Angina: Symptoms, causes and treatments

Angina: Symptoms, causes and treatments

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Angina Pectoris (Angina):

Angina pectoris, commonly referred to as angina, is a condition characterized by chest pain or discomfort caused by insufficient blood flow to the heart muscle.

Symptoms of Angina:

  • Chest pain or discomfort, often described as squeezing, pressure, or tightness
  • Pain that radiates to the arms, jaw, neck, shoulder, or back
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Nausea, dizziness, or lightheadedness
  • Sweating or cold, clammy skin
  • Fatigue or weakness


  • Coronary artery disease: Narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries due to plaque buildup
  • Atherosclerosis: Hardening and narrowing of the arteries over time
  • Spasm of the coronary arteries: Temporary constriction of the blood vessels supplying the heart


  • Adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle: Maintain a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and avoid smoking
  • Manage risk factors: Control blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and diabetes
  • Take prescribed medications as directed by a healthcare professional
  • Attend regular check-ups and screenings for early detection and management of heart disease

Good Foods:

  • Fruits and vegetables: Berries, citrus fruits, leafy greens
  • Whole grains: Oats, whole wheat bread, brown rice
  • Lean proteins: Fish, chicken breast, legumes
  • Healthy fats: Avocado, olive oil, nuts and seeds


  • Lifestyle changes: Adopting a heart-healthy diet, regular exercise, stress management, and smoking cessation
  • Medications: Nitroglycerin, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and other medications to relieve symptoms and manage underlying conditions
  • Medical procedures: Angioplasty and stenting, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for severe cases

Angina: Symptoms, causes and treatments


  • Seek immediate medical attention for severe or prolonged chest pain or symptoms of a heart attack
  • Follow the prescribed treatment plan and take medications as directed
  • Attend follow-up appointments with healthcare professionals for regular monitoring and adjustment of treatment
  • Communicate any concerns or changes in symptoms to your healthcare provider

Remember, you are not alone in facing angina. By adopting a heart-healthy lifestyle, following your prescribed treatment plan, and working closely with your healthcare team, you can manage the condition and improve your quality of life. Take care of yourself, listen to your body, and reach out for support when needed. You have the strength to overcome challenges and live a fulfilling life.

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