Astigmatism: Symptoms, causes and treatments

Astigmatism: Symptoms, causes and treatments

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Astigmatism, also known as myopia, is a common refractive error of the eye that causes distant objects to appear blurry while close objects remain clear.

Symptoms of Astigmatism:

  • Blurred vision when looking at distant objects
  • Squinting or straining the eyes to see clearly
  • Headaches or eyestrain after visual tasks
  • Difficulty seeing clearly while driving or participating in sports


  • Eye anatomy: An elongated eyeball or excessive curvature of the cornea
  • Genetics: Family history of nearsightedness
  • Environmental factors: Prolonged near work, such as reading or using electronic devices, especially at a young age


  • Take regular breaks from close-up work and focus on distant objects
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet and regular exercise
  • Ensure proper lighting and ergonomics when engaging in close-up tasks
  • Visit an eye care professional for regular eye exams to detect and manage nearsightedness

Good Foods:

  • Foods rich in antioxidants: Leafy greens, citrus fruits, berries
  • Omega-3 fatty acids: Fatty fish (salmon, mackerel), flaxseeds, chia seeds


  • Eyeglasses or contact lenses: Corrective lenses to compensate for the refractive error
  • Orthokeratology: Wearing specially designed rigid contact lenses overnight to reshape the cornea temporarily
  • Refractive surgery: Procedures like LASIK or PRK to permanently reshape the cornea

Astigmatism: Symptoms, causes and treatments


  • Visit an eye care professional for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment options
  • Follow the prescribed eyewear prescription and maintain proper hygiene
  • Practice good eye care habits, such as avoiding excessive screen time and protecting the eyes from harmful UV rays
  • Regularly monitor any changes in vision and seek professional help if needed

Remember, you are not alone in facing nearsightedness. It is a common condition that can be managed effectively with the help of eyeglasses, contact lenses, or other treatment options. Regular eye care and healthy habits are crucial for maintaining good vision. Embrace the support of loved ones and seek professional guidance when needed. With the right care, you can continue to lead a fulfilling life with clear vision.

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