Gastric cancer: symptoms, causes, and treatment
also known as stomach cancer, is a type of cancer that starts in the cells of the stomach.
Common symptoms of include abdominal pain or discomfort, persistent indigestion, unintentional weight loss, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and blood in the stool or vomit.
The exact cause of gastric cancer is unknown, but certain factors can increase the risk. These include infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria, a family history of gastric cancer, a diet high in smoked or pickled foods, tobacco and alcohol use, and certain genetic conditions.
A nutritious diet for gastric cancer patients includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. It is important to limit the intake of processed foods, salt, and foods that may irritate the stomach lining.
Treatment options for depend on the stage and extent of the disease. They may include surgery to remove the tumor, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. The treatment plan is personalized and determined by healthcare professionals.
To reduce the risk of gastric cancer, it is advisable to maintain a healthy lifestyle, quit smoking, limit alcohol consumption, and practice good food safety and hygiene. Regular check-ups and screenings can also help detect any potential issues early.
In the face of gastric cancer, remember that you are not alone. Surround yourself with a strong support system and lean on healthcare professionals for guidance. Take one step at a time, stay positive, and focus on your well-being. You have the strength and resilience to face this challenge and emerge stronger.