Gastric esophageal reflux disease: symptoms, causes, and treatment
What is Gastric esophageal reflux disease?
GERD is the chronic backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus. It is caused by a weakened or relaxed lower esophageal sphincter. This condition leads to symptoms such as heartburn and acid regurgitation.
Symptoms of Gastric esophageal reflux disease:
Symptoms of GERD can vary but commonly include heartburn, a burning sensation in the chest or throat, regurgitation of food or sour liquid, difficulty swallowing, persistent cough, hoarseness, and chest pain. Symptoms may worsen after eating, lying down, or bending over.
Causes of Gastric esophageal reflux disease:
GERD can have various causes, including a weakened lower esophageal sphincter, abnormal pressure on the stomach (such as from obesity or pregnancy), hiatal hernia, certain lifestyle factors (such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, or consuming large meals), certain foods and beverages (such as spicy, fatty, or acidic foods), and certain medications (such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or calcium channel blockers).
Good Foods for Gastric esophageal reflux disease:
A diet that helps manage GERD focuses on reducing symptoms and avoiding foods that trigger acid reflux. Good food choices may include lean proteins, fruits and vegetables (excluding citrus fruits and tomatoes), whole grains, low-fat dairy products, and healthy fats.
Treatment Options for Gastric esophageal reflux disease:
GERD treatment involves lifestyle changes, medications (PPIs, H2 blockers), and, in severe cases, surgery. Lifestyle modifications include weight management, avoiding trigger foods, smaller meals, not lying down after eating, elevating the head of the bed, quitting smoking, and stress management.
Precautions for Gastric esophageal reflux disease:
To manage GERD effectively, it is important to practice good eating habits, such as eating slowly and chewing thoroughly, avoiding late-night meals, and maintaining a healthy weight. It is advisable to avoid triggers such as spicy and fatty foods, caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco. Regular follow-ups with a healthcare professional and adhering to the prescribed treatment plan are crucial.
“Living with GERD can be challenging, but remember that you are not alone in this journey. With the right treatment plan, lifestyle adjustments, and support from healthcare professionals, you can effectively manage GERD and improve your quality of life. Stay positive, make healthy choices, and reach out for assistance when needed. You have the resilience to overcome GERD and embrace a life of comfort and well-being!”