Gastric ulcer: Symptoms, causes, and treatment
lso known as a stomach ulcer, is a sore or lesion that forms in the lining of the stomach. It is a type of peptic ulcer that can cause discomfort and pain.
Common symptoms of gastric ulcers include abdominal pain or a burning sensation, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, bloating, weight loss, and a feeling of fullness after eating small amounts of food.
The primary cause of gastric ulcers is the infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria. Other factors that can contribute to the development of gastric ulcers include long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, and certain medical conditions.
While there is no specific diet to cure gastric ulcers, consuming a balanced diet can help support healing and prevent aggravation. It is recommended to eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products. Avoiding spicy and acidic foods, as well as caffeine and alcohol, may also be beneficial.
Treatment for gastric ulcers aims to relieve symptoms, promote healing, and prevent complications. It may involve medications to reduce stomach acid production, antibiotics to eliminate H. pylori infection, and medications to protect the stomach lining. In severe cases, endoscopic procedures or surgery may be necessary.
To manage gastric ulcers, it is important to follow the prescribed treatment plan, take medications as directed, and avoid triggers that can worsen symptoms, such as NSAIDs, alcohol, and smoking. It is also advisable to manage stress levels, maintain a healthy lifestyle, and seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen.
To those dealing with gastric ulcers, know that you have the strength to overcome this challenge. Stay committed to your treatment plan, make dietary and lifestyle adjustments, and reach out to your healthcare team for support. Remember to listen to your body, take time for self-care, and be patient with the healing process. You are not alone, and with proper care and management, you can find relief and regain your well-being.