Myeloma: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
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basic knowledge of myeloma
Definition Of myeloma:
is a type of bone cancer that originates in the cells that form bones. It is the most common primary malignant bone tumor, mainly affecting adolescents and young adults.
Causes Of myeloma:
The exact cause of is not yet fully understood. However, it is believed to develop from genetic mutations or alterations in the DNA of bone-forming cells, leading to uncontrolled cell growth and tumor formation.
Types Of myeloma:
can be classified into several subtypes based on the appearance of the tumor cells under a microscope. The most common subtype is conventional , but other less common subtypes also exist.
Symptoms of myeloma:
The early symptoms of can be subtle and may include pain, swelling, or tenderness near the affected bone. As the tumor grows, it can cause increasing pain and may limit the affected bone’s range of motion. In some cases, a palpable mass or lump may also be felt.
Risk Factors of myeloma:
Several factors may increase the risk of developing , including a history of certain genetic conditions, previous radiation therapy for other cancers, and certain inherited genetic mutations. Adolescents and young adults during their growth spurts are also at higher risk.
Prevention and Management Methods
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is essential for individuals with osteosarcoma. Adopting a balanced diet, engaging in regular exercise, and managing stress can contribute to overall well-being and support the body during treatment and recovery.
Regular physical activity is beneficial for individuals with osteosarcoma. It can help improve muscle strength, joint flexibility, and overall physical function, which may aid in the management of treatment side effects and enhance quality of life.
A proper diet is crucial for individuals with osteosarcoma to ensure adequate nutrition during treatment. A balanced and nutritious diet that includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help support the body’s immune system and promote healing.
Dealing with a diagnosis of osteosarcoma can be emotionally challenging. Implementing stress management techniques, such as mindfulness practices, meditation, or counseling, can help reduce stress and anxiety, improving overall well-being during the treatment journey.
Initial Symptoms and First Aid
In the early stages of osteosarcoma, individuals may not experience noticeable symptoms. However, as the tumor grows, common early symptoms may include persistent bone pain, swelling, tenderness, or a palpable mass near the affected bone. The pain is often worse at night or during physical activity.
If an individual with osteosarcoma experiences a sudden and severe increase in pain, uncontrolled bleeding, or a pathological fracture (a fracture caused by weakened bones), it is considered a medical emergency. Emergency treatment may involve providing pain relief, stabilizing the fracture, and taking necessary measures to manage any complications that may arise.
Treatment and Rehabilitation:
The treatment of osteosarcoma typically involves a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and sometimes radiation therapy. The primary approach is surgical removal of the tumor, along with a margin of healthy tissue to ensure complete excision. Chemotherapy is often administered before and after surgery to target any cancer cells that may have spread beyond the primary tumor.
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Myeloma: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment,
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